Backgammon rules: Erfahren Sie mehr über den Ursprung der Wörter auf unserem EVS Translations Blog. Ablehnen des Eröffnungswurfes – California Rule[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Diese. Hamilton, Robert, Backgammon, Rules of the Game, Photo vorhanden. Goren Norfolk, Tim, Backgammon, Rules, Strategy, Winning Play, Photo. <
BackgammonÜbersetzung im Kontext von „Backgammon Rules“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Opens the websites of FIBS Home, Backgammon Rules. These rules were prepared in conjunction with the International Backgammon Association and the Inter-Club League of New York. They appeared in Oswald. Hamilton, Robert, Backgammon, Rules of the Game, Photo vorhanden. Goren Norfolk, Tim, Backgammon, Rules, Strategy, Winning Play, Photo.
Backgammon Rules The Set-up VideoComplete Guide to Backgammon: set up, rules, and how to play - BackgammonHQ These rules were prepared in conjunction with the International Backgammon Association and the Inter-Club League of New York. They appeared in Oswald. Backgammon rules in German. Backgammon ist ein Spiel für zwei Spieler, das auf einem Brett gespielt wird, das aus vierundzwanzig länglichen Dreiecken. Ablehnen des Eröffnungswurfes – California Rule[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Diese. Backgammon (Rules of the game) | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. If you completely discover this game, I explain Dart Regeln the rules plain and simple. At the beginning of every game, the checkers of both players are placed symmetrically on the board as you can see in the example below. I wish you a good reading on the Merkur Onlne and also good luck in Billigstes Bier Deutschland future games.
Object of the Game. The object of the game is move all your checkers into your own home board and then bear them off.
The first player to bear off all of their checkers wins the game. Figure 2. Direction of movement of White's checkers. Red's checkers move in the opposite direction.
Movement of the Checkers. To start the game, each player throws a single die. This determines both the player to go first and the numbers to be played.
If equal numbers come up, then both players roll again until they roll different numbers. The player throwing the higher number now moves his checkers according to the numbers showing on both dice.
After the first roll, the players throw two dice and alternate turns. The roll of the dice indicates how many points, or pips , the player is to move his checkers.
The checkers are always moved forward, to a lower-numbered point. The following rules apply: A checker may be moved only to an open point , one that is not occupied by two or more opposing checkers.
The numbers on the two dice constitute separate moves. For example, if a player rolls 5 and 3, he may move one checker five spaces to an open point and another checker three spaces to an open point, or he may move the one checker a total of eight spaces to an open point, but only if the intermediate point either three or five spaces from the starting point is also open.
Figure 3. Two ways that White can play a roll of. Hitting and Entering. A point occupied by a single checker of either color is called a blot.
If an opposing checker lands on a blot, the blot is hit and placed on the bar. The opponent must attempt to re-enter the checker on the bar on their next roll.
No other plays are possible until the checker is re-entered. There is no limit to the number of checkers that can be sitting on the bar.
The doubling cube is a specific game piece that can be used at any point in the game to increase the stakes. Before a player begins their next turn by rolling the dice, they can propose to increase the current stakes of the game.
If a player accepts a double, then they own the cube. They are then the only player able to offer the next double.
In the modern Middle East, backgammon is a common feature of coffeehouses. Race board games involving dice have a long history in Iraq, including the Royal Game of Ur in Babylon.
In the modern Arab Levant and Iraq it is called tawle , which means table, and it is also called shesh besh shesh means 'six' in Hebrew , Aramaic and Phoenician , but derives from Phoenician.
Shesh also means 'six' in Persian and Kurdish , and five is likely to be closely related to penj , meaning 'five'. There are two games of nardi commonly played:.
Short nardi : Set-up and rules are the same as backgammon. Long nardi : A game that starts with all fifteen checkers placed in one line on the point and on the point.
The two players move their checkers in opposing directions, from the point towards the 1-point, or home board. In long nardi , one checker by itself can block a point.
There is no hitting in long nardi. The objective of the game is bearing all checkers off the board, and there is no doubling cube. Like today, each player had 15 checkers and used cubical dice with sides numbered one to six.
The only differences from modern backgammon were the use of an extra die three rather than two and the starting of all pieces off the board with them entering in the same way that pieces on the bar enter in modern backgammon.
Zeno, who was white, had a stack of seven checkers, three stacks of two checkers and two "blots", checkers that stand alone on a point and are therefore in danger of being put outside the board by an incoming opponent checker.
Zeno threw the three dice with which the game was played and obtained 2, 5 and 6. As in backgammon, Zeno could not move to a space occupied by two opponent black pieces.
The white and black checkers were so distributed on the points that the only way to use all of the three results, as required by the game rules, was to break the three stacks of two checkers into blots, exposing them and ruining the game for Zeno.
In Roman times, this game was also known as alea , and a likely apocryphal Latin story linked this name, and the game, to a Trojan soldier named Alea.
Race board games involving dice have existed for millennia in the Near East and eastern Mediterranean, including the game senet of Ancient Egypt.
Senet was excavated, along with illustrations, from Egyptian royal tombs dating to BC. The usual Tavla rules are same as in the neighboring Arab countries and Greece, as established over a millennium ago,  but there are also many quite different variants.
Players try to flip their pieces over the opponents' pieces to beat them. Backgammon is popular among Greeks.
It is a game in which Greeks usually tease their opponent and create a lively atmosphere. Portes: Set-up and rules the same as backgammon, except that backgammons count as gammons 2 points and there is no doubling cube.
Plakoto : A game where one checker can trap another checker on the same point. Asodio: Also known as Acey-deucey , where all checkers are off the board, and players enter by rolling either doubles or acey-deucey.
These games are played one after another, in matches of three, five, or seven points. Players use the same pair of dice in turns. After the first game, the winner of the previous game starts first.
There is no doubling cube. Over time it was replaced by other games such as xiangqi Chinese chess. In Japan, ban-sugoroku is thought to have been brought from China in the 6th century, and is mentioned in Genji monogatari.
As a gambling game, it was made illegal several times. By the 13th century, the board game Go , originally played only by the aristocracy, had become popular among the general public.
In Korea, it is called Ssang-ryuk or Jeopo. The jeux de tables 'Games of Tables' , predecessors of modern backgammon, first appeared in France during the 11th century and became a favorite pastime of gamblers.
In , Louis IX issued a decree prohibiting his court officials and subjects from playing. In Spain , the Alfonso X manuscript Libro de los juegos , completed in , describes rules for a number of dice and table games in addition to its extensive discussion of chess.
A wooden board and checkers were recovered from the wreck of the Vasa among the belongings of the ship's officers. Some surviving artworks are Cardsharps by Caravaggio the backgammon board is in the lower left and The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel the Elder the backgammon board is in the lower right.
In the 16th century, Elizabethan laws and church regulations prohibited playing tables, but by the 18th century, backgammon was popular among the English clergy.
In English, the word "backgammon" is most likely derived from "back" and Middle English : gamen , meaning "game" or "play". The earliest use documented by the Oxford English Dictionary was in The most recent major development in backgammon was the addition of the doubling cube.
The popularity of backgammon surged in the mids, in part due to the charisma of Prince Alexis Obolensky who became known as "The Father of Modern Backgammon".
He also established the World Backgammon Club of Manhattan, devised a backgammon tournament system in , then organized the first major international backgammon tournament in March , which attracted royalty, celebrities and the press.
Cigarette, liquor and car companies began to sponsor tournaments, and Hugh Hefner held backgammon parties at the Playboy Mansion.
Board and committee members include many of the top players, tournament directors and writers in the worldwide backgammon community.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One of the oldest board games for two players. For other uses, see Backgammon disambiguation.
A backgammon set, consisting of a board, two sets of 15 checkers, two pairs of dice, a doubling cube, and dice cups. Play media. Main article: Tables board game.
This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, the picture is incorrect because it does not take into account that when rolling doubles, a given distance may be traveled using the rolled number 3 or 4 times.
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See also: List of World Backgammon champions. See also: Nard game. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. New Series 1 9 : — Hacker Art Books.
Backgammon For Dummies. Backgammon to Win. Lulu Com. Backgammon Galore!. Rules of play describe a particular variation of backgammon and on this there is no disagreement among international tournaments.
In fact, tournament rules sets do not usually specify these rules but might instead refer, as in the US Rules, to the 'commonly accepted rules of backgammon.
Gaming Guide - Gambling in Europe. Backgammon for Winners Third ed. To start the game, each player throws a single die. This determines both the player to go first and the numbers to be played.
Retrieved Backgammon for Serious Players Second ed. Archived from the original on Artificial Intelligence.
Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original on 13 September Archived from the original on 13 March The three games together are called 'Tavli' and are usually played one after the other in matches of three, five, or seven points Backgammon Galore!
US Backgammon Federation. You are now familiar with the basic backgammon rules! There are still so many things to know about this fabulous game mixing pure skill and luck.
The best way to understand and enjoy the game is by practicing with a friend or play backgammon online on different websites.
Stay tuned on Backgammon Rules for more information about how to play backgammon, how to use the doubling cube, more strategic articles, online backgammon websites reviews and more.
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